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Archive for December 2014

New vexillological technology

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A trackworker flagging train movements at Kings Cross

(Daily Mail)

David Ward, Network Rail’s route managing director for the south-east, has been given an OBE for ‘services to the rail industry’ in the New Year honours list, the Guardian reported.

[“OBE for Network Rail manager who oversaw Christmas chaos in London”, Rowena Mason and Mark Tran, the Guardian, 31 Dec 2014]

[…] Days before Christmas Ward was quoted in a Network Rail press release as saying the company’s new technology and working practices meant it could “keep lines open while our people work safely alongside, causing much less disruption than would otherwise be the case”.

A second Network Rail executive, Patrick Hallgate, who oversees the western routes, received an MBE for services to the south-west economy. Before Christmas he asked passengers to “bear with us over the Christmas period as we undertake this extensive improvement work to create a better railway for passengers and those living near to the railway line”.

Written by beleben

December 31, 2014 at 11:54 am

Posted in Planning, Politics, Railways

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Many passengers have been miserable

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Daily Mail front page story about the rail disruptionThe reduced volume of business and commuter travel demand has made Christmas a favoured time for Network Rail and its contractors to carry out infrastructure works on Britain’s railways. But following unplanned disruption on the East Coast and Great Western main lines after this year’s Christmas Day / St Stephen’s Day shutdown, the Office of Rail Regulation is to open an investigation into why trackwork was not completed on time, the Financial Times reported on December 28 (paywall).

[‘Network Rail under investigation over Christmas travel chaos’, Gill Plimmer and Jim Pickard, FT, December 28, 2014]

[…] The [Network Rail] company apologised for the weekend’s disruption, which cancelled all services out of London’s King’s Cross station on Saturday, delayed services at Paddington and caused two-hour waits at nearby Finsbury Park, which was also closed temporarily because of overcrowding.
“Network Rail, working with the rest of the industry, must learn lessons and prevent problems like this happening again,” said an ORR spokesman.
The TSSA rail union called on the government to scrap the compensation scheme for rail companies, which saw them paid £172m by Network Rail for late trains while passengers only received £10m.
About 60 per cent of Network Rail’s income comes from the Department for Transport, 27.8 per cent from track access charges paid by train operators, and 10.6 per cent from income from property and shops. It spent £36.2bn operating, renewing and maintaining the tracks in the five years between 2009 and 2014.

The foul-up generated a large amount of unwelcome press and social media coverage, including articles in the Financial Times and Daily Mail.

Daily Mail, 28 Dec 2014

Daily Mail, 28 Dec 2014

On 29 December, Network Rail’s chief executive Mark Carne, who was on holiday in Cornwall, made a statement.

[‘Statement about the engineering overruns this Christmas‘, Network Rail]

[…] “While we have completed a huge amount of work across the country which will improve millions of journeys, the last few days for many passengers have been miserable and again I apologise for the disruption this caused. The track work outside King’s Cross has now been completed and we now move our focus to completing the other important projects over the New Year without any further unplanned disruption to passengers.

“Following the problems experienced at King’s Cross and Paddington over Christmas, I have instructed Dr Francis Paonessa, who is the Network Rail infrastructure projects director, to provide a report into the sequence of events and associated decision making that led to the problems experienced and to advise any immediate steps that we need to take to increase the robustness of our works delivery capability. I expect the report by the end of next week and I intend to publish the findings.

“The events over the Christmas period highlighted the unacceptable impact on the travelling public when plans go wrong. I therefore propose that there should also be a broader, industry-wide review, into the timing of our major works programmes and the passenger contingency arrangements for such works. […] We have an obligation to manage the essential safety maintenance and renewal activity that is required and we need to do this in a manner that minimises the overall impact on society at large. I will discuss this review with industry parties in the coming days before formalising the terms of reference for this review.”

Also on 29 December, the Daily Telegraph reported that following a ‘public outcry’, Network Rail’s outgoing managing director of network operations, Robin Gisby, would be stripped of a £371,000 golden goodbye.

In an interview he gave to BBC Radio 4’s The World At One, Mark Carne was evasive about who was responsible for the imbroglio, and whether he would be taking any of his bonus. But on the morning of 30 December, Mr Carne said he would not take it.

Network Rail: 'We are required by our regulator, the Office of Rail Regulation, as a licence condition, to have a remuneration plan which incentivises high performance.'

Network Rail (2 May 2014): ‘We are required by our regulator, the Office of Rail Regulation, as a licence condition, to have a remuneration plan which incentivises high performance.’

Oddly enough, a picture of Kings Cross station adorned Network Rail’s online information about directors’ bonuses.

[“New ‘fat cat’ rail row as Network Rail nods through bonus plan for top executives just days after a £53m fine for missing targets”, Ray Massey, This Is Money, 18 July 2014]

[…] Network Rail bosses are on track for bonuses worth thousands of pounds a year just days after the company was fined £53 million for poor punctuality and missing key targets.

Unions reacted with fury after Network Rail’s ‘members’ – the equivalent of shareholders for a company that is a not-for-dividend firm – voted overwhelmingly in favour of a new bonus scheme for the top executives and prompting a new ‘fat cat’ pay row.

The new bonus scheme is less generous than the old scheme it replaces. But chief executive Mark Carne and his fellow top bosses could still get up to 20 per cent of their annual salary in annual bonuses should performance targets be reached.

The debacle is further evidence of the urgent need to reorganise Network Rail, overhaul its supervision arrangements, and reform the system of disruption payments to train operators. Neither the so-called members of Network Rail, nor the Office of Rail Regulation, have been able to bring the company up to standard.

Heathrow Express twitter, 28 Dec 2014: 'Service still suspended after a train hit kit left on tracks by Network Rail. Working to get trains moving again ASAP'

Heathrow Express twitter, 28 Dec 2014: ‘Service still suspended after a train hit kit left on tracks by Network Rail. Working to get trains moving again ASAP'”

Robin Gisby on Sky News, 27 December

Written by beleben

December 30, 2014 at 12:38 pm

Posted in Planning, Politics, Railways

Tagged with ,

Passing the roundhouse

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The most intensively used sections of the West Coast, Midland, and East Coast Main Lines are on the London approach. According to the Department for Transport, on a typical 2013 working day, around 3,200 passengers arrived at Euston in the morning high peak hour on Virgin Trains, and 32,000 over the course of the day.

But there were another 10,000 high peak hour and 41,700 all-day arrivals on London Midland and Overground suburban trains. So, at the busiest time of the morning, three of every four rail travellers passing Camden roundhouse are on suburban trains.

Schematic showing distribution of West Coast Main Line passenger volumes (Network Rail, from 2009/2010 LENNON database)

On the Midland Main Line, the proportion of peak ‘suburban’ travel into St Pancras is higher still. Much of the custom of ‘long distance’ East Midlands Trains is effectively outer suburban travel, to and from points which are not in the East Midlands.

Schematic showing distribution of Midland Main Line passenger volumes (Network Rail, 2010)

In essence, the figures indicate that investing huge amounts of cash in new-build high speed rail trackage is neither cost-effective nor justifiable on capacity grounds. The money would be much better spent on other projects.

Written by beleben

December 22, 2014 at 12:26 pm

Posted in High speed rail, HS2

HS2 propaganda service

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According to its website, Birmingham City Council needs “to make substantial cuts to services for the next financial year with pressures on finances expected to continue until at least until 2018”.

[Birmingham City Council, viewed Dec 2014]

[…] This means planning for a future with a lot less money to spend on services for Birmingham’s citizens. Some services will need to change substantially, and some may need to be cut altogether.

Although there may be a lot less money to spend on services for Birmingham’s citizens, the cash shortage evidently does not affect some other “services”. This month, the publicly-funded and council-linked Marketing Birmingham organisation announced it is looking to appoint a HS2 “Communications Projects Manager”.

Marketing Birmingham HS2 propagandist vacancy, Dec 2014

Marketing Birmingham HS2 propagandist vacancy, Dec 2014

[Marketing Birmingham job ad]

Job profile

Title: Communications Projects Manager
12 month contract – with the potential for this to be extended

Reporting to: PR Manager, Marketing Birmingham
Salary circa £30,000

Job purpose:

Work closely with other parts of Marketing Birmingham and key external partners to create and implement effective and coordinated communications campaigns

To devise, manage and monitor day-to-day PR activity

Highlight the benefits of HS2 locally and nationally, by involving local stakeholders in the promotion of the route and its economic benefits

Version: N/A

Key Accountabilities

Media relations

To devise, manage and implement proactive and reactive media relations with Marketing Birmingham’s PR team – across regional, national and trade press

Support communications activity promoting local economic and transport projects

Develop direct and personal relationships with members of the media

Co-ordinate responses from members of Go-HS2 to form a cohesive voice for the press, and ensure it is a trusted organisation to comment on major relevant issues

Engage in Marketing Birmingham projects that support its work around the promotion and delivery of HS2

Stakeholder and member engagement

Work with regional and national stakeholders to ensure all proactive and reactive media opportunities are handled quickly and effectively

Develop direct and personal relationships with key stakeholders

Provide corporate communications, issues and crisis management when needed

Support stakeholders with social media messaging

Collate and report on the Go-HS2’s PR activity on a quarterly basis

Monitor coverage, budgeting and planning

In April 2011, Marketing Birmingham advertised for a “temporary” Go-HS2 ‘Media Officer’, but that job was made quasi-permanent. Whether the December 2014 ‘Communications Projects Manager’ is an additional post, is unclear. At the time of writing, the most recent post on Go HS2’s website is called “Petitions seek maximum benefits from HS2”, which was posted on May 19, 2014.

Written by beleben

December 22, 2014 at 11:55 am

Defeat as a breakthrough

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MPs have “hailed a breakthrough for Birmingham jobs after a Government committee chair called on HS2 to adjust plans for a train maintenance depot in Birmingham so that unwanted land can be freed up for development”, the Birmingham Post reported.

Chairman Robert Syms MP said the HS2 bill select committee were impressed by the submission from AXA and Liam Byrne MP and sympathised with the need to address high unemployment in his constituency, but did not “believe” there is enough evidence justify siting the depot away from Washwood Heath.

[Washwood Heath jobs breakthrough as committee calls on HS2 to adjust plans, Neil Elkes, Birmingham Post, 21 Dec 2014]

[…] Hodge Hill MP Liam Byrne and his colleagues have long argued that the site is much too large for HS2’s needs and parts could be developed with warehousing or industrial units now – creating much needed jobs for the inner-city area in the medium term.

By contrast, with construction of HS2 not set to begin until 2017 and the trains not running until 2026, it is argued that the delivery of jobs will take too long. Even then the RSMD would employ about 600 workers compared to thousands of opportunities which may be created by industrial development.

And the Labour MP, who has campaigned with landowners AXA to release the site, has been backed by a Parliamentary Select Committee which, while confirming the site is ideal for the HS2 depot, has urged HS2 Ltd to ascertain it’s needs now and release any unwanted land for development as soon as possible.

Mr Byrne welcomed the decision. He said: “This is a real breakthrough. The HS2 Committee has heard our call for jobs. Now HS2 Ltd must work with us on a Plan B that could see 2,334 jobs created in the inner city.”

But Mr Byrne did not argue that the Washwood Heath site was much too large for HS2’s needs. He argued that the depot should not be located there at all.

Mr Byrne has been outgunned and outmanoeuvred by MPs like Caroline Spelman (who do not want the depot on their patch) but is presenting defeat as a “breakthrough”.

What exactly is ‘Washwood Heath Plan B’, and what is the difference in land take compared to HS2 Ltd’s previous proposal?

The idea that HS2 Washwood Heath would create “thousands of skilled engineering jobs” is laughable. East Coast Trains has just 350 skilled and semi skilled depot staff — and that is for an old fleet which includes diesel trainsets (which are maintenance intensive).

Written by beleben

December 21, 2014 at 1:33 pm

HS2 is a big draw

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At this early stage, eight months into Network Rail’s current five year funding period [Control Period 5], the cost estimates of many of its programmes have not yet been determined, said rail minister Claire Perry on December 16.

[Railways: Infrastructure: Written question – 218298, response by Claire Perry]

Network Rail continues to develop the Rail Investment Strategy programme with the Department and review costs with the Office of Rail Regulation. The Transport Secretary has been clear these projects should be delivered within the overall Network Rail budget. The latest cost estimates (in 2012/13 prices) are listed below, though not all of these programmes have been through the Office of Rail Regulation’s cost scrutiny process (“Enhancements Cost Adjustment Mechanism”):

(a) Reading Station Area Resignalling and Remodelling, including the new station and maintenance depot: £895m is Network Rail’s anticipated final cost when the scheme completes at Easter 2015

(b) East West Rail Phase 1 (Oxford – Bicester) – Network Rail estimate of £318m

(c) East West Rail Phase 2 (Bicester – Bletchley – Bedford) – currently at an early stage of development

(d) The Northern Hub – funding commitment of £600m, programme still in development

(e) TransPennine electrification – funding commitment of £300m, programme still in development

(f) Great Western Mainline electrification – Network Rail recent estimate of £1.7bn

(g) Midland Mainline electrification – Network Rail recent estimate of £1.3bn

(h) South Wales Mainline electrification – the section from Cardiff to Swansea is at an early stage of development

(i) Valley Lines electrification – at an early stage of development (sponsored by the Welsh Government)

“At this early stage”? Great Western Main Line part-electrification was announced by Andrew Adonis on 23 July 2009. If its estimate has risen from £1 billion to £1.7 billion, that should be setting off alarm bells about the cost of HS2. The GWML wiring is only for 225 km/h linespeeds. HS2 electrification would need to be much beefier, to cope with its much higher train speeds, and much larger current draws.

Written by beleben

December 19, 2014 at 10:48 am

Posted in High speed rail, HS2

‘Burdened’ with a grant

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[“‘Northern Powerhouse’ needs new franchise“, Alan Marshall, Railnews, page 18, Dec 2014]

[…] Recent figures released by the Department for Transport show that, while Northern carries just four per cent of all the passenger/kilometres [sic] on the whole national network, it is burdened with 12 per cent of the grant paid by Government to Network Rail, so on paper Northern has the highest subsidy of any operator.

Written by beleben

December 19, 2014 at 10:08 am

Posted in Politics, Railways

Tagged with ,

Tornados and Desiros

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British politicians were unable to hold generals to account over strategy in Afghanistan because of their ignorance of military affairs, with one minister admitting they “did not know the difference between a Tornado and a torpedo”, a former ambassador has said.

[“Ministers ‘didn’t know Tornado from torpedo’ over Afghan strategy”, Ben Farmer, Daily Telegraph online, 16 Dec 2014]

Ministers, commanders and officials were also engaged in “a massive act of collective self deception” about the prospects for success during the Afghan campaign and unable to admit how badly it was going.

Sir Sherard Cowper-Coles said officials claimed that progress was being made because they desperately wanted it to be.

Unfortunately, the same inability to challenge and lack of knowledge seems to hobble both scrutiny and decision-making in other departmental areas, such as transport. Few MPs showed much interest in the Intercity Express Programme or Thameslink train procurements, or the specification of the HS2 project.

Written by beleben

December 17, 2014 at 6:25 pm

Posted in High speed rail, HS2

The power to disappoint

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Siemens Desiro City Thameslink head-onIn its report ‘Procuring new trains‘ (Dec 2014), the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee stated that the Department for Transport’s involvement in the Great Western / East Coast intercity and Thameslink train contracts has demonstrated “yet again” the Department’s “limited capacity and capability to manage large scale procurements”.

[Public Accounts Committee]

[…] The Department has stated that it in tends to leave some operational decisions to the market and to intervene in others. But it has not set out when these different approaches will apply, which is confusing for the industry. The Department’s decision to buy the trains itself has constrained the options available to future train operating companies as they will be required to use these trains to run their services. It is open to question as to whether the negotiations with preferred bidders provided best value. It is surprising, to say the least, that Agility reduced their [IEP train] price by 38% after Sir Andrew Foster reviewed the issue. By buying the trains directly the Department has taken on the risk of passenger demand forecasts being wrong. If demand proves to be lower than forecast taxpayers would have to cover the costs of any financial shortfall. These two major projects also demonstrate yet again that the Department has limited capacity and capability to manage large scale procurements, and that it remains overly reliant on consultants. Whilst we welcome Hitachi’s decision on Intercity Express to invest in the UK, it is extremely disappointing that Siemens will not also be manufacturing the Thameslink carriages in the UK, when the £2.8 billion contract is funded by the UK taxpayer and farepayer.

Both the Department and HS2 Ltd are dependent on consultants for development of the high speed rail scheme. However, the scope for improving HS2 by developing in-house capability, or hiring better consultants, must be constrained by the scheme’s inherent limitations and politically-driven remit.

Written by beleben

December 17, 2014 at 12:32 pm

The sensitivity of St Pancras

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The Department for Transport has released some information on the repartition of commuter and long distance traffic on the East Coast and Midland routes into London, the Beleben blog can reveal.

London arrivals on the East Coast and Midland Main Lines, 2011 - 2013 (Source: DfT)

London arrivals on the East Coast and Midland Main Lines, 2011 – 2013 (Source: DfT)

[DfT, Dec 2014]

[…] The information that is being released is provided in the [above] table, showing 3 hour and 1 hour morning peak arrivals into London on franchised long distance and suburban services on the Midland Mainline and the East Coast Mainline. DfT does not hold passenger loading data for open access operators.

The Department has determined that information showing loadings on London Midland services at Euston, and showing off-peak arrivals and peak and off-peak departures on the Midland Mainline and East Coast Mainline cannot be disclosed. It is being withheld under the exemption in Section 43(2) of the Freedom of Information Act 2000. Exemption 43(2) applies because the Department in conjunction with the train operators consider these data to be commercially sensitive. In applying this exemption we have had to balance the public interest in withholding the information against the public interest in disclosure.

Written by beleben

December 17, 2014 at 11:42 am